term
Algebra
A value or expression separated from other such values by an operation.
Political Science
Examples of term in the following topics:

The Term Structure
 In the case of bonds, time to maturity, or terms, vary from shortterm  usually less than a year  to longterm  10, 20, 30, 50 years, etc.
 The liquidity premiumtheory asserts that longterm interest rates not only reflect investors' assumptions about future interest rates but also include a premium for holding longterm bonds (investors prefer shortterm bonds to longterm bonds).
 Because of the term premium, longterm bond yields tend to be higher than shortterm yields, and the yield curve slopes upward.
 Prospective investors decide in advance whether they need shortterm or longterm instruments.
 This explains the stylized fact that shortterm yields are usually lower than longterm yields.

Adding and Subtracting Polynomials
 For example, $4x^3$ and $x^3$are like terms; $21$ and $82$ are also like terms.
 When adding polynomials, the commutative property allows us to rearrange the terms to group like terms together.
 For example, one polynomial may have the term $x^2$, while the other polynomial has no like term.
 If any term does not have a like term in the other polynomial, it does not need to be combined with any other term.
 Start by grouping like terms.

Glossary of Atonal Musical Terms

Adding and Subtracting Algebraic Expressions
 Terms are called like terms if they involve the same variables and exponents.
 All constants are also like terms.
 Note that terms that share a variable but not an exponent are not like terms.
 Likewise, terms that share an exponent but have different variables are not like terms.
 When an expression contains more than two terms, it may be helpful to rearrange the terms so that like terms are together.

Congressional Terms and Term Limits
 Members of the Senate may serve unlimited sixyear terms and members of the House may serve unlimited twoyear terms.
 Under the Constitution, members of the United States Senate may serve an unlimited number of sixyear terms and members of the House of Representatives may serve an unlimited number of twoyear terms.
 The amendment limited members of the Senate to two sixyear terms and members of the House to six twoyear terms.
 Term Limits, Inc. v.
 Term Limits was the largest private organization pushing for Congressional term limits.

Sums, Differences, Products, and Quotients
 For instance, in the equation y = x + 5, there are two terms, while in the equation y = 2x2, there is only one term.
 We then collect like terms.
 A monomial equations has one term; a binomial has two terms; a trinomial has three terms.
 Outer ("outside" terms are multiplied—that is, the first term of the first binomial and the second term of the second)
 Inner ("inside" terms are multiplied—second term of the first binomial and first term of the second)

Multiplying Algebraic Expressions
 Any negative sign on a term should be included in the multiplication of that term.
 Outer (the "outside" terms are multiplied—i.e., the first term of the first binomial with the second term of the second)
 Inner (the "inside" terms are multiplied—i.e., the second term of the first binomial with the first term of the second)
 Remember that any negative sign on a term in a binomial should also be included in the multiplication of that term.
 Notice that two of these terms are like terms ($4x$ and $3x$) and can therefore be added together to simplify the expression further:

Arithmetic Sequences
 An arithmetic sequence is a sequence of numbers in which the difference between the consecutive terms is constant.
 An arithmetic progression, or arithmetic sequence, is a sequence of numbers such that the difference between the consecutive terms is constant.
 Note that the first term in the sequence can be thought of as $a_1+0\cdot d,$ the second term can be thought of as $a_1+1\cdot d,$ the third term can be thought of as $a_1+2\cdot d, $and so the following equation gives $a_n$:
 Of course, one can always write out each term until getting the term sought—but if the 50th term is needed, doing so can be cumbersome.
 Calculate the nth term of an arithmetic sequence and describe the properties of arithmetic sequences

Current Maturities of LongTerm Debt
 The portion of longterm liabilities that must be paid in the coming 12month period are classified as current liabilities.
 Longterm liabilities are liabilities with a due date that extends over one year, such as a notes payable that matures in 2 years.
 Examples of longterm liabilities are debentures, bonds, mortgage loans and other bank loans (it should be noted that not all bank loans are long term since not all are paid over a period greater than one year. ) Also longterm liabilities are a way for a company to show the existence of debt that can be paid in a time period longer than one year, a sign that the company is able to obtain longterm financing .
 Bonds are a form of longterm debt because they typically mature several years after their original issue date.
 Explain the reporting of the current portion of a longterm debt

Reporting LongTerm Liabilities
 Debts that become due more than one year into the future are reported as longterm liabilities on the balance sheet.
 This is an example of a longterm liability.
 "Notes Payable" and "Bonds Payable" are also examples of longterm liabilities, and they often introduce an interesting distinction between current liabilities and longterm liabilities presented on a classified balance sheet.
 What this example presents is the distinction between current liabilities and longterm liabilities.
 Despite a Note Payable, Bonds Payable, etc., starting out as a longterm liability, the portion of that debt that is due within a year has to be backed out of the longterm liability and reported as a current liability.