The modernist movement in the arts, its set of cultural tendencies and associated cultural movements, originally arising from wide-scale and far-reaching changes to Western society in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In particular, the development of modern industrial societies and the rapid growth of cities, followed then by the horror of World War I, were among the factors that shaped Modernism.
Any of several styles of art, architecture, literature, philosophy, etc., that flourished in the 20th century; characterized by formal purity, medium specificity, art for art's sake, experimentation, abstraction, a rejection of realism, and a revolutionary or reactionary tendency.
A school of thought with regards to ethnicity that ties the emergence of ethnic groups to the emergence of modern nation-states.
Examples of modernism in the following topics:
- Not all art labeled 'contemporary' is modern or postmodern, and the term contemporary encompasses both artists who continue to work in modernist or late modernist traditions, as well as artists who reject modernism for post-modernism or other reasons.
- Modern art, radical movements in Modernism, and radical trends regarded as influential and potential precursors to late modernism and postmodernism emerged around World War I and particularly in its aftermath.
- Some don't believe that the period called modernism is over or even near the end, and there certainly is no agreement that all art after modernism is post-modern, nor that postmodern art is universally separated from modernism; many critics see it as merely another phase in modern art or another form of late Modernism.
- Late modernism describes movements which arose from and react against trends in modernism, rejecting some aspect of modernism, while fully developing the conceptual potentiality of the modernist enterprise.
- Differentiate between the categories of late modernism and post modernism in art.
- Art Deco and Streamline Moderne were two key styles of early 20th century American architecture.
- Modern American architecture is usually divided into the two styles of Art Deco and Streamline Moderne.
- Streamline Moderne, also known as Art Moderne, was a late type of the Art Deco design style that emerged during the 1930s.
- Streamline Moderne was both a reaction to Art Deco and a reflection of austere economic times.
- However, Art Deco and Streamline Moderne were not necessarily opposites.
- In a broad sense, early modern architecture began at the turn of the 20th century with efforts to reconcile the principles underlying architectural design with rapid technological advancement and the modernization of society.
- The concept of modernism would be a central theme in these efforts.
- Modernism eventually generated reactions, most notably Postmodernism which sought to preserve pre-modern elements, while Neo-modernism emerged as a reaction to Postmodernism.
- There are multiple lenses through which the evolution of modern architecture may be viewed.
- Contrasts in modern architecture, as shown by adjacent high-rises in Chicago, Illinois.
- Modernism was a philosophical movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries that was based on an underlying belief in the progress of society.
- Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from enormous transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
- Among the factors that shaped modernism were the development of modern industrial societies and the rapid growth of cities, followed by the horror of World War I.
- Modernism was essentially based on a utopian vision of human life and society and a belief in progress, or moving forward.
- The end of modernism and beginning of postmodernism is a hotly contested issue, though many consider it to have ended roughly around 1940.
- Modern architecture adhered to Louis Sullivan's famous precept, "Form follows function," which called for an absence of ornamentation beyond functional necessity.
- In a broader sense, early modern architecture began at the turn of the 20th century with efforts to reconcile the principles underlying architectural design with rapid technological advancement and the modernization of society.
- In the early stages of modern architecture, a popular motto was "decoration is a crime. " In Eastern Europe, the Communists rejected the West's decadent ways, and modernism developed in a markedly more bureaucratic, somber and monumental fashion.
- Behrens's turbine factory reflects the absence of decorative elements typical of modern architecture.
- Explain Louis Sullivan's adage, "Form follows function," and its influence on modern architecture
- Modern sculpture arose symbiotically with similar artistic trends in painting, drawing and printmaking in Europe during the 1800s.
- Modern sculpture arose symbiotically with similar artistic trends in painting and drawing in Europe during the 1800s, lasting until around 1950.
- The Realist movement of the 1850s is often considered the beginning of modern painting, while the work of Rodin is seen as the progenitor of modern sculpture.
- Sculptural movements that developed as a result of Modernism include the following:
- The Rodin exhibit at the 1900 Paris Exposition Universelle (world's fair) is widely believed to be the precise beginning of the modern sculptural movement.
- From the 18th century onward, modern Islamic art has been increasingly influenced by European styles.
- The modern period of Islamic art has been heavily affected by European influence.
- Islamic countries have developed modern and contemporary art, with very vigorous art worlds in some countries; however the degree to which these should be grouped in a special category as "Islamic art" is questionable, although many artists deal with Islam-related themes, and use traditional elements such as calligraphy.
- It is one of the main characteristics of Moroccan architecture, and remains an important element in modern Islamic art.
- Evaluate the pros and cons of European influence on modern Islamic art.
- Modern humans and chimpanzees evolved from a common hominoid ancestor that diverged approximately 6 million years ago.
- The line leading to modern humans and modern chimpanzees apparently bifurcated (divided into branches) about six million years ago.
- It is not thought at this time that this species was an ancestor of modern humans.
- Some features of Orrorin are more similar to those of modern humans than are the australopiths, although Orrorin is much older.
- This chart shows the evolution of modern humans and includes the point of divergence that occurred between modern humans and the other great apes.
- Although modern sculpture and architecture are reckoned to have emerged at the end of the 19th century, the beginnings of modern painting can be located earlier.
- The birth of modern art can be traced back to 1863, the year that Édouard Manet exhibited his painting Le déjeuner sur l'herbe in the Salon des Refusés in Paris.
- The strands of thought that eventually led to modern art can be traced back to the Enlightenment, and even to the 17th century.
- The pioneers of modern art were Romantics, Realists and Impressionists.
- By the late 19th century, additional movements which were to be influential in modern art had begun to emerge: post-Impressionism as well as Symbolism.