Gender socialization is the process of teaching people how to behave as men or women.
The gender pay gap, or the difference between male and female earnings, is primarily due to discriminatory social processes.
Gender role theory posits that boys and girls learn the appropriate behavior and attitudes from the family with which they grow up.
Peer groups can serve as a venue for teaching gender roles, especially if conventional gender social norms are strongly held.
In mass media, women tend to have less significant roles than men, and are often portrayed in stereotypical roles, such as wives or mothers.