Examples of indigenous peoples in the following topics:
- There are almost as many terms for indigenous people in the Americas as there are geographic regions.
- Indigenous peoples are commonly known in Canada as Aboriginal peoples, which include First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples.
- Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western society, and a few are still considered "uncontacted peoples."
- Visual arts by indigenous peoples of the Americas comprise a major category in world art history.
- To gain an appreciation for the breadth and diversity of indigenous peoples and cultures of the Americas.
- The term "Northwest Coast", or "North West Coast", is used to
refer to the groups of indigenous people residing along the coasts of British
Columbia, Washington State, parts of Alaska, Oregon, and northern California.
- The Pacific Northwest Coast at one time had the most densely
populated areas of indigenous people.
- Art provided indigenous people with a tie to the land
and was a constant reminder of their birth places, lineages, and
- Although various tribes might
have had their own different mythologies and rituals, "animism" is
said to describe the most common, foundational thread of indigenous peoples'
spiritual or supernatural perspectives in this region.
- Tribal art included plank houses and totem poles that served as constant reminders of indigenous peoples' birth places, lineages, and nations.
- Soon after, observers noted that immense numbers of indigenous Americans began to die from these diseases.
- The scope of the epidemics over the years was tremendous, killing millions of people—possibly in excess of 90% of the population in the hardest hit areas.
- After the epidemics had already killed massive numbers of indigenous Americans, many newer European immigrants assumed that there had always been relatively few indigenous peoples.
- The population of the indigenous peoples in Mexico declined by an estimated 90% (reduced to 1-2.5 million people) by the early 17th century.
- While epidemic disease was by far the leading cause of the population decline of the American indigenous peoples after 1492, there were other contributing factors--all of them related to European contact and colonization.
- In Mexico, indigenous groups are formally defined as people that speak one of 62 officially recognized indigenous languages.
- As a classifier, indigenous identity was constructed by the dominant European and Mestizo majority and imposed upon indigenous people as a pejorative.
- In early post-revolutionary Mexico, cultural policies were paternalistic towards indigenous people, and contained efforts to completely assimilate indigenous peoples into Mestizo culture.
- The category of "indigena" (indigenous) can be defined according to linguistic criteria as people who speak one of Mexico's 62 indigenous languages.
- In addition, people will self-identify as "gente de razón" ("people of reason"), in contrast to "gente de costumbre" ("people of tradition"), thus further differentiating themselves from the status of indigeneity, which is considered superstitious and backward.
- South American art has a long and rich history, from indigenous roots and European colonization to the arrival of new immigrants from Asia.
- Tensions between indigenous peoples and European colonizers shaped South America from the 16th through the 19th centuries.
- During the Late Intermediate period (1000 - 1476 CE), the regions were populated by a number of indigenous nations.
- During this period, most art focused on religious subjects, as the Spanish sought to convert the indigenous people to Christianity.
- Through the trans-Atlantic slave trade, South America (especially Brazil) became the home of millions of people in the African diaspora, and the mixing of races led to new social structures and artistic creations.
- Art in the Americas during the 18th century is characterized by a synthesis of European and Indigenous styles.
- Indigenous artists were taught European techniques but retained styles that were representative of their local sensibilities.
- Cuzco is considered to be the first location where the Spanish systematically taught European artistic techniques such as oil painting and perspective to Indigenous people in the Americas.
- The work of this period represents a long process of mixed-heritage blending of indigenous people and Europeans, culturally and genetically.
- Examples of this again include the combination of European, Latin American, and Indigenous features, local flora and fauna and landscape.
- Native Americans are people of indigenous American descent, including indigenous peoples within the boundaries of the present-day United States.
- Prior to the 15th century, groups that were indigenous to the Americas lived in isolation from the rest of the world.
- Indigenous societies ranged widely in terms of geographic location, culture, and social structure, with distinct languages and governing systems.
- On the one hand, settlers objected to large portions of land being given to indigenous populations, and on the other, Native Americans objected to having their movement restricted and their territory reduced.
- The influence of Aboriginal artwork in Australia carries over to the 19th and 20th centuries in the works of William Barak, who recorded traditional aboriginal ways for the education of Westerners; Margaret Preston, a non-indigenous painter incorporating Aboriginal influences in her works; Albert Namatjira, an Arrernte artists whose landscapes inspired the Hermannsburg School of art; and Elizabeth Durack, notable for her fusion of Western and indigenous influences.
- In 1971, Geoffrey Bardon encouraged the Aboriginal people of Papunya to paint their Dreamtime stories about creation, people, animals, and customs on canvas.
- The art and culture of Indonesia have been shaped by long interactions between original indigenous customs and multiple foreign influences.
- Notable artwork includes the mural paintings on the long houses of the Kenyah people of Borneo, which are based on endemic natural motifs such as ferns and hornbills.
- Other traditional art includes the geometric wood carvings of the Toraja people of South Sulawesi.
- The most famous indigenous 19th century Indonesian painter is Raden Saleh (1807–1877), who was also the first indigenous artist to study in Europe.
- Raden Saleh was perhaps the most famous indigenous 19th century Indonesian painter, and his work is heavily influenced by Romanticism and his training in Europe.